UGANDA - It is one of the three associations located in Bushenyi district: Kagango, Kyangyenyi, Nyabubare. The district is home to the Banyonkore ethnic group, who are divided into the Bairu (peasant Banyankore), Banyaruru and Batagwenda (immigrants from the Buganda Kingdom) and the Bahororo.
The region is famous for intensive cattle rearing, which is currently undergoing a transition from the local multipurpose breed (low milk yielding, good quality beef) to the high milk yielding average beef varieties, from the nomadic pastoralist and free-range farming to paddock and zero grazing farming system.
Bushenyi district is blessed with rich soils and the farmers have helped their rejuvenation using organic manure in form of mulch, use of digested cow-dung and urine, after getting biogas from the system. The district receives a lot of rainfall compared to any other region of the country, but, because of its proximity to the Great Western Rift Valley, the high temperatures in the dry season are among the hottest in the country. Farmers have been therefore trained in water harvesting technologies to reduce soil erosions and landslides during the rainy season while using organic manures and shade tree to extend the crop life throughout the dry spells.
The NUCAFE gender program made its difference in a district where coffee has long been categorized as being the man's crop and banana the woman's crop. The normal situation was that in periods of abundant production of coffee, some men would take on another wife and the existing wives, in order to avoid that risk, would destroy the coffee harvest. After the completion of the trial phase of the gender programme, men and women are working not only together in the gardens, but also during the marketing.
Coffee farmers have done a lot of lobbying and advocacy for their member groups and farmers, thanks to the training that they've got from NUCAFE and its collaborations. Now at least 50% of the groups in our district under NUCAFE have a hand pulper for wet processing coffee and community-based nurseries support from UCDA and NAADS alike.
Kagango CFA is located 40 Km from Mbarara, on Mbarara-Ishaka highway. Its location on both sides of the road permits easy access to the main road, power, coffee hullers and a wet coffee processing mill. This part of Bushenyi is mostly occupied by the Bairu cultural group - people characterized by resilient stout muscular built bodies that they boast of being the advantage that has led this part of the district to be the leading sub-county in coffee-banana production.
Through the support of ASPS-DANIDA, Kagango CFA has managed to set up a state of the art coffee and tree nursery. Through this nursery, members of coffee farmers associations and groups can purchase coffee seedlings at a lower price. This drive has helped to repopulate the areas that were devastated by the coffee wilt disease (CWD) and also increase the quantity of coffee produced in the region. On the other hand, it has also enabled the association to generate funds for sustainability of the association and the coffee nursery and an increment in the membership subscription by farmers to groups and later the association. The shade trees that are grown in the nursery are given free of charge to coffee farmers who have bought coffee seedlings, in order to promote shade grown coffee, agro-forestry, woodlots and wind-brakes in the district.